AVOD vs SVOD vs TVOD: Everything a Marketer Needs to Know

Feb 8, 2024
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The world of on-demand video splits into three categories: AVOD vs SVOD vs TVOD. This guide explains the different ways each handles ads, payment, and content.

These payment models help streamers make money through advertising, subscriptions, or individual transactions

As a marketer, understanding the nuances between Advertising Video On Demand (AVOD), Subscription Video On Demand (SVOD), and Transaction Video On Demand (TVOD) is crucial. In the AVOD vs SVOD vs TVOD triangle, each model offers a unique approach to content delivery, monetization, and viewer engagement.

This guide summarizes and explores the distinct features of the three dominant video-on-demand models, shedding light on how they cater to diverse consumer preferences, shape content creator strategies, and contribute to the evolving ecosystem of digital media. Read on and dive into the differences that define the advertising, subscription, and transactional realms of on-demand video services.


Advertising Video On Demand is a streaming model allowing users free access to content with intermittent ad breaks. Unlike traditional subscriptions, AVOD serves video ads directly from advertisers and integrates them into over-the-top (OTT) TV apps. It often serves as an entry-level tier to SVOD services.

Users can register on AVOD platforms like Hulu and Roku via browsers, smartphones, or OTT apps. Ad revenue is generated by serving ads during content streaming, with advertisers paying to reach specific audiences. When comparing AVOD vs SVOD vs TVOD, AVOD's appeal lies in offering diverse content without a subscription commitment.

While AVOD provides free content, increased accessibility, and diverse revenue streams, challenges include ad interruptions, limited content choices, and privacy concerns. Despite this, the AVOD market is booming, reaching $28.09 billion in 2023 and is projected to hit $72.1 billion by 2027. That growth is driven by the demand for free streaming content and the rise of online creators.

AVOD offers opportunities for brands and content creators to monetize. It suits brands with broad appeal, and content creators earn a share of ad revenue, benefiting smaller creators. As AVOD gains importance in the OTT marketplace, content creators can generate steady income, especially targeting a global audience.

Creating a successful AVOD strategy involves targeted ad placements, relevant content, and understanding streaming trends. Hyper-targeting in connected TV (CTV) advertising allows reaching specific audiences. The emphasis on audience targeting, retargeting, and attribution is crucial for optimizing AVOD campaigns.

For a more detailed breakdown, be sure to read What is Advertising Video On Demand (AVOD)?


Subscription Video on Demand is a mutually beneficial model for consumers and content creators. It provides users with a convenient, ad-free, and personalized on-demand viewing experience for a monthly or yearly subscription fee.

For businesses, SVOD yields a steady revenue stream through recurring subscriptions. Analyzing viewing histories enables targeted content recommendations, fostering personalized experiences. Content creators benefit from the global reach of SVOD platforms, allowing them to showcase exclusive and original content to a wide audience, enhancing exposure and potential growth.

SVOD's unique advantages include easy renewals, single decision moments, and continuous customer satisfaction. The stable and predictable revenue model makes SVOD an attractive choice for monetization, fostering a direct relationship with viewers based on preferences and behavior. Successful providers like Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Prime Video demonstrate SVOD's effectiveness through large and loyal subscriber bases, even though SVOD is generally the most expensive option for customers comparing AVOD vs SVOD vs TVOD.

Selecting an SVOD platform involves considerations like content management, analytics, digital rights management (DRM), and robust customer support. A reliable content management system (CMS) and content delivery network (CDN) ensure seamless global content delivery, DRM safeguards authorized access, analytics provide valuable insights, and customer support tools resolve technical issues.

Monetizing with SVOD is ideal for high-quality, exclusive, and regularly consumed content, driving revenue and high viewership. Providers may diversify by incorporating SVOD advertising revenue or targeting users who are hesitant to pay for a subscription.

Dig deeper into strategy and use cases with What is Subscription Video On Demand (SVOD)?


Transaction Video on Demand is a distribution model where viewers pay for individual video content without the need for a subscription. Unlike Subscription Video On Demand, TVOD enables content creators to directly distribute and monetize their content, offering control and potential for higher revenues. Users benefit from paying only for specific content without committing to a monthly subscription.

TVOD is growing more popular, with a projected annual growth rate of 5.02% over the next several years. The decline of physical media and the popularity of streaming services make TVOD crucial for studios and distributors to reach audiences without subscription requirements. The expanding market provides opportunities for independent filmmakers and smaller production companies to distribute their work more widely, offering a broader range of choices for audiences.

TVOD encompasses subcategories like pay-per-view (PPV), Download to Rent (DTR), and Electronic Sell-Through (EST). PPV allows viewers to pay for specific content, including live events, on a one-time basis, benefiting organizers and content creators. DTR permits users to rent digital content for a set duration, providing convenience and cost-effectiveness. EST offers lifelong ownership and access to content, enhancing user experience across devices.

Industries well-suited for the TVOD revenue model include film and television brands, independent content creators, and live event streaming. Maximizing income involves focusing on exclusive or recent releases to attract a larger audience and drive transactional sales. Platforms can leverage exclusive content to generate hype, capture viewer attention, and gain a competitive edge in the OTT market.

Learn more with our explainer article, What is Transaction Video On Demand (TVOD)? 

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